Countdown to World Environment Day is On

world environment day 2018-india
With World Environment Day 2018 just over 10 days away, communities worldwide are launching their efforts to beat plastic pollution with fanfare and focus.

In India, the global host country launched its official countdown to June 5 with a historic slate of activities ranging from nationwide clean-ups, to single-use plastic bans across States, Universities, and National Parks.

At a press conference in New Delhi, government officials outlined plans from communities large and small aimed at beating plastic pollution through civic engagement and celebration. With support from an inspiring cross section of Indian society, ranging from cricket pitches to boardrooms, the scope of efforts in India represent an unprecedented national commitment to this global cause, with the promise to make this the largest and most substantial World Environment Day ever.
“Beat Plastic Pollution”, the theme for World Environment Day 2018, is a call to action for all of us to come together to combat one of the great environmental challenges of our time. The theme invites us all to consider how we can make changes in our everyday lives to reduce the heavy burden of plastic pollution on our natural places, our wildlife – and our own health.
“World Environment Day is not just a celebration of the wonder of the natural world it is an opportunity to reflect on our relationship with that world and mobilize global action for causes that unite us,” Erik Solheim, Head of UN Environment said. “The world is waking up to the fact that plastic pollution is one of the most urgent environmental issues of our time, but that it’s also something that we can solve. This year’s World Environment Day is therefore a call to action for all of us.”

Wind and solar overtake nuclear as source of UK electricity for first time ever

More UK electricity was produced by wind and solar sources last year than by nuclear power stations, for the first time according to the latest government figures. Renewables’ share of electricity generation shot up to 29 per cent, while nuclear sources accounted for around 21 per cent.These official figures confirm that it’s been another record-breaking year for wind energy, which generated 15 per cent of the UK’s electricity in 2017.
Greenhouse gas emissions also fell by 3 per cent across the country, thanks largely to a drop in coal use. Output from renewable energy sources is now nearly 10 times higher than coal, a notable achievement considering coal’s output was the higher of the two only five years ago.
These fast-moving trends will continue into the next decade as a new generation of offshore wind turbines come online and demonstrate the technology’s ability to provide the bulk of UK demand.Technological improvements in recent years have led to a dramatic fall in the cost of renewable energy.
Previous analysis by the International Renewable Energy Agency has demonstrated that onshore wind farms in particular already have the capacity to out compete fossil fuels. Experts have called for an end to the government’s current subsidy ban on new onshore wind farms, which they say is holding back the development of the UK’s energy infrastructure. The cost of new offshore wind halved in 2017 and onshore wind is already the cheapest of any new power source in the UK, So it’s vital that new onshore wind should be allowed to compete in the market for the sake of consumers.
Though many environmentalists and scientists see nuclear as a vital component in a green energy system, plans by the government to invest in new nuclear infrastructure have been met with criticism.These figures show the government should capitalize on our global lead in this area and stop wasting time and money propping up nuclear power, a failing and increasingly obsolete technology.

Strict bans and emerging solutions to the challenge of plastic garbage

If you are concerned about that plastic garbage island floating in the middle of the Pacific Ocean estimated at twice the size of Texas, consider the plate — the plastic one you use and then toss into the garbage. Environmental concerns are leading more cities around the United States, including Malibu, California, and Seattle, to ban the use of various single-serve plastic food-service items. On June 1 a strict ban will go into effect in Malibu on single-use straws, stirrers and utensils. Plastic bags are already banned. Starbucks’ hometown of Seattle has a similar ban going into effect on July 1.
Looking beyond plastic disposable cutlery, the future of disposable tableware and containers looks good enough to eat, because it is going to be edible. When it comes to disposable dinnerware, the issue of single-use items is brought sharply into perspective.
Straws, cups, plates and cutlery are among the single-use items now being produced in a variety of edible materials, to help rid the world of plastic. The newly released straws are either clear, with the same look and feel as their plastic counterpart, or colored and flavored. The straws can be eaten or thrown away and take as long to break down as a banana peel.


Biotrem’s wheat bran tableware production process was invented by Mr. Jerzy Wysocki. Warsaw-based manufacturer Biotrem is making more than 10 million pieces of biodegradable disposable (single-use) tableware and cutlery that compost within 30 days. For those who can’t wait the 30 days, these wares are also “accidentally” edible. The tableware is made from wheat bran, a sustainable, plant-based resource available in many regions of the world.
According to Biotrem, 1 kg of wheat bran products generates in total around 1.3 kg of CO2; 1 kg of polystyrene disposable plates or cups generates in total around 8.5 kg of CO2.

The increasing focus from municipalities is leading to some creative thinking from business owners — in particular, restaurant owner, so in the future we will expecting a significant decrease in plastic trash around the world.

Study Predicts Unexpected Climate Change Effects To Come

We tend to think the main threats of climate change are warmer oceans and changing wind patterns, but a recent study published in Nature Climate Change explains how the chain reactions caused by a changing climate could dry out the Amazon rainforest and cause wetter conditions in the woodlands of Africa and Indonesia.

A study published in Nature Climate Change, shows rising Carbon Dioxide (CO2) levels interact with rainforests and contribute to asymmetrical rainfall pattern change across the tropics. Often in Earth system science, local environmental factors impact faraway regions by influencing the movement of moisture through the atmosphere.

“We have found that large-scale changes in rainfall can, in part, be attributed to the way tropical forests respond to the overabundance of carbon dioxide humans are emitting into the atmosphere, particularly over dense forests in the Amazon and across Asia.” says James Randerson, UCI’s Ralph J. & Carol M. Cicerone Chair in Earth System Science.

Researchers predict a cascading effect that begins with the small structures on the underside of leaves, called stomata, that open and shut to allow plants to take in CO2 and release water vapour. When more CO2 is present, the stomata don’t open as widely, and less water is released. This process, multiplied across all the plants in the rainforest is what could cause the aforementioned atmospheric changes, affecting the way wind blows and the flow of moisture coming from the ocean.

“In many tropical forest regions, the moisture supplied by transpiration, which connects water underground at the root level directly to the atmosphere as it is pulled up to the leaves, can contribute as much as moisture evaporated from the ocean that rains back down at a given location – which is normal rainforest recycling,” Says Gabriel Kooperman, the lead researcher in this study.

“But with higher CO2, trees and forests evaporate less moisture into the air, so fewer clouds are formed above the Amazon,” Kooperman adds. This causes more rain to fall in the Andes mountain range with limited benefit to the rainforest in the Amazon basin.

The resulting droughts and forest mortality in the Amazon combined with the potential for increased flooding in other rainforests could impact biodiversity, freshwater availability and food supplies for for economically vulnerable

 

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